As a continuation of our monthly social awareness approach to shine a light on the accounts that are working towards positive change, for the month of July we turn our attention to the environment. There is a ticking clock to protect our planet - with climate change, the deterioration of our natural resources, endangerment of sacred wildlife, the impact of plastics and microplastics, and fossil fuel emissions, we are jeopardizing this beautiful place we call home - for ourselves and for future generations.
With nearly 7. We can only do this together, and every little bit helps. End of Instagram post by sussexroyal. We've been trying to work out what the carbon emissions would be for the flights. Online emissions calculators do not factor in private jets, but companies do calculate emissions privately for clients. Prince Harry and Meghan's trip to Nice was reported to have been on a seat Cessna Citation Sovereign, which has a fuel consumption of gallons per hour. The flight time to Nice is about one hour 40 minutes, which would mean a fuel requirement of gallons 1, litres.
The emissions weigh more than the original fuel because, during combustion, each carbon atom joins with two oxygen atoms from the air to create the CO2. French-thread freewheels used a smaller diameter attachment to the hub.
Neither the freewheels nor the hubs are interchangeable with anything else. Fortunately, they are quite rare: virtually all French bicycles sold in the U. In any case, unless you are restoring a collector's item, you will do well to spread the rear dropouts, and upgrade to a modern rear wheel with a cassette hub and index shifting -- see my article on frame spacing.
Both hub flanges were 1mm farther to the left than those of a normal hub, causing increased dish in the rear wheel, and persistent spoke breakage problems. Many loyal Helicomatic fans tout the ease with which the cassette may be removed for spoke replacement as a great virtue, but if the hub were better designed, it wouldn't break so many spokes! These hubs were prone to bearing problems as well. These didn't hold up well. The cones tended to wear rapidly, and replacement cones are no longer available to fit these hubs.
The better models, those with Reynolds or other high quality tubing, commonly featured Simplex forged fork ends, with built in Simplex-type derailer hangers. These are not the same as the Campagnolo- and Shimano-type hangers used on modern bicycles. It is possible, however, to modify Simplex hangers. They have an unthreaded mounting hole, which may easily be tapped out to the standard 10 mm x 1 mm thread used by modern derailers. Standard derailer hangers also have a step at the bottom edge which limits the forward swing of the derailer.
This can usually be supplied by judicious use of a file. Its angle may differ depending on the derailer. If the derailer hanger can't be made to work, you might remove it and braze on one that does, or use an adapter claw. Fortunately, though, the thickness of most spokes is by now labeled in millimeters.
When in doubt, measure! Spoke threading also may differ, so always get new spoke nipples to go with new spokes. Bicycles built for the French market and informally imported generally use one of 3 tire sizes:.
The mm B size is recently making a bit of a comeback! Fren ch Bic ycles. The following is a list of some French bicycle brands that I have come across, with scattered information about them.
I welcome additions and corrections. The Mercier trademark has been revived, but the current production "Merciers" from the Far East have no connection with France aside from the name.
Idoux and Chanel were the names of the partners who founded the company in Accessories Bicycles Parts Specials Tools. Many higher-quality French bicycles of the '70's came with AVA brand bars and stems. These have a reputation for failure, and should be replaced. The threaded parts of a French headset are non-standard, but the press-in parts are conventional. If you have a worn-out headset, it is most likely the lower races that are damaged. If you have trouble finding a French headset, you can replace the bottom races with ones from a standard headset, and keep the old parts on top.
French-thread bottom bracket cups use 35 mm x 1mm threads. They are getting hard to find. If you have a French bicycle with sound bottom bracket cups, you may want to re-use them, even if you wind up changing the axle. The usual cotter diameter for French cottered cranks is 9 mm, rather than the 9. Since the down tube and seat tube are slightly smaller in diameter on French bicycles, clamp-on front derailers, cable guides and stops, and down-tube shift levers may in some cases not clamp tightly enough.
This is not usually a problem in practice, but does cause trouble occasionally. You could shim the tube with a couple turns of vinyl electrician's tape.
Older French bicycles used a different , smaller diameter where the pedal screws into the crank, 14 mm x 1. Some French bicycles and many early Treks! This was the first cluster that could be removed without a big, powerful tool.
It came with a cute little pocket-size tool that incorporated a spline wrench for the cassette lockring , a spoke wrench, and a bottle opener.
Testing to check it is still alive and to check where it links to. Assuming this is A FemAle View on Beer. I wrote a beer book but I forgot to tell you - The thing about writing is that often you finish and file something ages before it sees the light of day.
So it was with my first book which I edited and c Liverbeer is now inactive - Hi everyone. I have forgotten to update this for sometime as i have been busy with other things, and i actually now work with a local brewery!
Get Beer. Drink Beer. Whatever Happened To Light and Bitter? Regency Effect — Magic Rock - Pine trees. More pine trees. A lake. Pete Drinks A Beer. How many o Pete Drinks. The Never Ending Pub Crawl. Remembering Alan Winfield - Remembering Alan WinfieldI'm sorry to have to publish this, but unfortunately Alan passed away on Friday 27th July at am after his 8 month battle with Golden Pints - What are Golden Pints?
Evaluating the last 12 months of beers, events The Garibaldi - No. You can visit eight pubs withi Beer is Best. Passive-aggressive hate mail - Way back in , my brother and I opened a specialist beer bar in London. The way we were doings things proved fairly n Are You Tasting the Pith? That doesn't stop many bloggers, but I r The Northern Beer Blog. Pubpaper — Festive Pub Time - I hope you all had a good Christmas and New Year and got to visit all the pubs you wanted to and sample all the beers your taste buds desired.
Looking at A Taverner Writes Shove it, Chuck it, Toss it Phil Mellows. Pete Brown. Show 5 Show All. Other blogs of interest. A K Haart. Is Boris Basically Bonkers? Head Rambles.
Needled - I had an appointment with Doc this morning. Get all your kit o Tim Worstall. Err, never Ollie? Save the Royal Navy. Mark Wadsworth. Stupid people who think they've said something clever - I idly watched a few minutes of Jeremy Vine this morning, they were discussing covid There was a very sensible lady called Beverley surname escaped me Nanny Knows Best.
Ambush Predator. Alexander Boot blogs. Furries on the march again - Following the announcement that trade in fur will be banned after Brexit, I sat down to write a scathing piece about neo-paganism, crazed rebels craving a Velvet Glove, Iron Fist. Talking drinking guidelines and related issues - I was chatting to the guys at the Consumer Choice Center about a few nanny state issues recently. Top of the agenda was the US review of the drinking gui Lily of St.
Sturgeon is at fault for Covid at university - University accommodation is rather similar to prison except there are no locks on the doors and there are fringe benefits. Students want to live in su Offsetting Behaviour. Afternoon roundup - The tabs A few notes on the closing of the tabs. Those who urge us not to Churchmouse Campanologist. Last week in Parliament: September , — part 2 - The first part of a review of last week in Parliament concerned coronavirus with a follow-on here. The other big debates last week were about the Internal Nope - I decline the irresistible offer.
Taking Liberties. The Flaxen Saxon Chronicles. I would like a little advice concerning financial matters. New Z Biased BBC -. Midweek Thread 23 September - Over to you. Underdogs bite upwards. Stupidity update - I am an idiot. Subrosa casually mentioned on Twitter that if I was an AA member the car one, not the booze one I could get them out to fix it.
It seems unlikely that I will ever again offer original drafts of lyrics for sale or otherwise, but pandemics call for wild measures. Here's more from John about the tape:.
Filed Under: The Mountain Goats. Adam West Enterprises. February 5, Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved June 15, Retrieved June 17, The Independent.
London: Independent Print Limited. The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles: Eldridge Industries. Tim Allis and Darlene Donloe. Los Angeles. BBC News. June 11, June 30, June 17, Enterprise News. Retrieved October 28, Patriot Ledger. Retrieved October 29, Wicked Local Hanover. Retrieved December 9, West, Adam ; Rovin, Jeff Back to the Batcave Trade Paperback ed. New York City : Berkley Books. Khanna, Vikrant Adam West at Wikipedia's sister projects.
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